News

NASA Report: “Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam”

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Fri, 15/09/2017 - 01:01

Thanks to the readers who commented about a NASA paper that has been posted on the LENR Forum here titled “Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam”.

The paper has also been published on Arxiv.org here. Here is the abstract:

Exposure of highly deuterated materials to a low-energy (nom. 2 MeV) photon beam resulted in nuclear activity of both the parent metals of hafnium and erbium and a witness material (molybdenum) mixed with the reactants. Gamma spectral analysis of all deuterated materials, ErD2.8-C36D74-Mo and HfD2-C36D74-Mo, showed that nuclear processes had occurred as shown by unique gamma signatures. For the deuterated erbium specimens, posttest gamma spectra showed evidence of radioisotopes of erbium (163Er and 171Er) and of molybdenum (99Mo and 101Mo) and by beta decay, technetium (99mTc and 101Tc). For the deuterated hafnium specimens, posttest gamma spectra showed evidence of radioisotopes of hafnium (180mHf and 181Hf) and molybdenum (99Mo and 101Mo), and by beta decay, technetium (99mTc and 101Tc). In contrast, when either the hydrogenated or non-gas-loaded erbium or hafnium materials were exposed to the gamma flux, the gamma spectra revealed no new isotopes. Neutron activation materials showed evidence of thermal and epithermal neutrons. CR-39 solid-state nuclear track detectors showed evidence of fast neutrons with energies between 1.4 and 2.5 MeV and several instances of triple tracks, indicating greater than 10 MeV neutrons. Further study is required to determine the mechanism causing the nuclear activity.

There are multiple authors listed, some of whom are from NASA agencies, others from private industry and other universities and organziations. What they report does not seem dissimilar to some other reports we have seen over the years — Gerard McEk mentioned that Holmlid is getting similar results using lasers instead of photon beams.

Categories: News

Interview with Me356: Working Towards LENR Commercialization

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Tue, 12/09/2017 - 12:28
What are you focusing on in your work with LENR these days? I am trying to simplify manufacturing process in the way that the most work can be done by machining, at least semi-automatically. This will minimize possible deviations from required model to achieve same results across the units. Initially everything was done by hand, especially welding, where the most errors can be made. What is the scale of your operations with LENR — how many people working with you on it? If we count also workers in external companies it could reach at least one hundred people that are directly involved with the reactors. What kind of performance are you getting from your reactors in terms of power output and COP? I would rather not answer, because without a proof it would look like a tales. But I can say that we have achieved SSM some time ago and thus COP is equal to infinity in certain periods. We are traying to improve the technology all the time as there is much higher potential left. It looks like we will be able to double the COP after latest findings. Question is how safe it will be. What insights can you share with replicators in terms of getting reliable LENR reactions? We have found that once you put a transition metal in the hydrogen, sooner or later there would be some nuclear reaction. Unfortunately these are not detectable without carefull fuel analysis. So the main task is to increase area where the reactions can occur. You do not have to buy expensive equipment as it can be all done with what you probably have at home. To encourage replicators I can say, that very likely you have already made some sort of nuclear reactions even if no excess heat was seen. Maybe you will be surprised. Excess heat is the last thing you will produce. The main issue is that you will need expensive analysis to show the results. Piantelli, Focardi, and now Mizuno have all documented that proper pre-treatment to ensure a clean fuel surface is essential in addition to various methodologies to force hydrogen absorption and release to create an “excited” exothermic state. Could you share a fuel treatment routine that could be used by other researchers to start obtaining excess heat in their replications?
Their methods are good. To get excess heat you only have to proceed exactly according the instructions. Some can be also combined and improved. If you have a good microscope you can see immediately that what you are doing is correct or not. Without checking it is only guesswork. The major factor that is usually not mentioned is time. You will need more time than anticipated for the preparation. I recommend to start with as simple reactor as possible. You can get excess heat with e.g. nickel and protium alone. Adding other compounds mean adding next sources of errors.

Could you describe how monoatomic hydrogen interacts with the fuel of a reactor to enhance the excess heat effect?
It may not provide any excess heat. But its production will very likely lead to a nuclear reactions that can be utilized, converted to a heat. I wish to not provide any theory, since there are too many out there.

How are your reactors in terms of safety? I am convinced that they are safe. At least with conventional measuring devices there is no detectable radiation. Will you be selling heaters, and if so what will their size and cost be? Yes. There will be various units for a different purposes but the universal one has dimenension 80x80x500 mm. Cost will be around 400 USD per unit where family house will need 2 – 4 of these units. What do you think about Rossi’s E-Cat QX based on what has been reported so far? I think that it is good evolution step. It brings simplicity and higher performance based on better understanding of LENR process. I was playing with nearly identical design 2 years ago and I was very satisfied. In the last days we have tested very similar devices (with a modifications based on QX) again with very good results. What happened when the MFMP visited that caused the null result? The reactor was far from ready. It was actually success that it was at least in condition that it was. But it was only one we were able to test in this way. We both knew about major problems days before it was tested. So we were both prepared for any results. It was not prepared for any conclusive testing. I was strongly appealing to not get into a similar situation months ago before the test, but unfortunately it happened. I don’t want to cause any harm and I consider it closed, lesson learned. Do you plan to invite MFMP to test your reactors in the future? Any group can arrive to test, but only once it is ready. To prevent any possible failure and weak points a proper communication and strict terms must be held. How soon do you think it will be before you are able to host a group to test your work, under the strict conditions you mention? This time will come as soon as the reactor will be ready for sale. Now I can see no reason to make it sooner. Actually it can help us to make it at the right time. The best for us is to make measurements by third parties under NDA which is/will occur repeatedly for the certification process. How soon do you think it will be before you have a product ready for sale to the public? It is dependent on the certification company. If it will take longer than anticipated we are ready to find other legal way. For testing purposes we can produce as much units as needed.

Have you patented your process, if so, when do you think it will be published? No, after long thinking my conviction is that this technology should not be patented and is only money/time wasting. Patent can protect intellectual property only to a small degree. It is just enough to change design little bit and you are not encumbered by a patent. There is always room for it. What if the reactor is made by metamorphosing materials that can change shapes? Moreover there are countries where patents are irelevant. These countries need this technology urgently. For public discussion: In the attachment I have shared some photos. Here you can see direct evidence of reactions that are occurring even outside the reactor. Even on the carbon adhesive tape of the sample holder for SEM. The sample was taken from device that we are using for fuel preparation. This device can produce active fuel from any transition metal.



 

 

Categories: News

MFMP Returns to India to test ECCO Reactor

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Sat, 09/09/2017 - 04:42

Bob Greenyer and George Egely have returned to India to try to get to work with Suhas Ralkar and his ‘ECCO’ reactor. If you recall, the last time they were in India, Suhas’ reactor had been locked in a building by a bank because of some financial issues; however, Suhas has been allowed to return to the lab, and has subsequently removed his reactor so he can have unhindered access to it.

Now, however, the reactor is again out of reach because the person who it was given to for safekeeping has gone away on a trip, and has not returned when expected.

In the meantime, while waiting for access to the ECCO reactor, Bob and George have been doing work in the lab and have prepared the following video in which they give a tour of Suhas’ lab, show some of the equipment there and discuss some of the testing protocols they will be using when they are able to test the ECCO reactor.

Categories: News

Rossi to Stay Close to his E-Cats as Irma Bears down on Miami

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Fri, 08/09/2017 - 02:46

It has been almost impossible not to realize that there is a massive storm — Irma — that has already devastated some Caribbean Islands and is heading towards Florida, still as a category 5 hurricane with winds currently at 175 miles per hour.

The most recent forecast map I have seen from the US National Hurricane Center shows Irma’s current projected landfall to be close to Miami, which is where Andrea Rossi and his team have been working on developing the E-Cat QX. Tonight he made this announcement on the Journal of Nuclear Physics:

Andrea Rossi
September 7, 2017 at 7:44 PM
Dear Readers:
I decided to remain close to our factory, where probably the hurricane Irma will hit Saturday and Sunday. Therefore I do not know if the internet broadcasting will work: nobody has idea about this.
As a consequence of this consideration, I am not sure if I will be able to publish and respond on this blog next Saturday and Sunday “throughout the ordeal” as Frank Acland wrote hereunder.
If the internet will work, I will do as usual, otherwise I will keep again blogging as soon as the internet will be fixed.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Many south Floridians are evacuating the state, but Andrea Rossi has decided to stay close to his his E-Cats. Irma is forecast to make landfall as category 4 Hurricane, so there is a chance for tremendous damage and disruption throughout Miami and much of Florida. I hope that Dr. Rossi, his family and team, along with everyone else in Irma’s path stay safe, and that his work is not too badly interrupted.

Categories: News

New Industrial Heat Patent: “Methods and Apparatus for Triggering Exothermic Reactions”

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Wed, 06/09/2017 - 16:46

Thanks to Alan Smith for letting me know about a new patent application that has been recently published by the World Intellectual Property Organization by IH IP Holdings, which is connected with Industrial Heat, LLC for “Methods and apparatus for triggering exothermic reactions”

Inventors listed are Dennis G. Letts, Joseph A. Murray, Julie A. Morris and Tushar Tank

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2017127423A2?cl=en

Here’s the abstract:

“Methods and apparatus are disclosed for triggering and maintaining an exothermic reaction in a reaction material comprising a metal occluded with hydrogen. The reaction material is prepared by loading a hydrogen absorbing material, e.g., a transition metal, with a hydrogen gas that comprises one or more of hydrogen isotopes. Different conditions and system configurations for triggering the exothermic reaction are also disclosed.”

From the Summary:

“In some embodiments, a device comprising a metal container and an electrode is used for triggering an exothermic reaction. The metal container is plated with a hydrogen absorbing material. The metal container has one or more open ends. The electrode is received through a first open end into the metal container. The metal container is filled with a pressurized hydrogen gas. To trigger an exothermic reaction, a voltage between the metal container and the electrode is applied. In some embodiments, the magnetic field may be optionally applied. The strength of the magnetic field is set above a pre- determined threshold. For example, the strength of the magnetic field may be between 500 and 700 Gauss. In some embodiments, the voltage applied between the metal container and the electrode is selected to be dependent on a dimension of the metal container. For example, the voltage may be dependent on the distance between the metal container and the electrode. In one embodiment, the hydrogen absorbing material plated on the interior wall of the metal container comprises nickel, palladium or other metals or metal alloys capable of forming a hydride or deuteride. In one embodiment, a layer of gold is plated underneath the hydrogen absorbing material. In another embodiment, a layer of silver or other metals that do not dissociate hydrogen or deuterium is plated underneath the hydrogen absorbing material.”

Categories: News

Why “Greed is Good” for E-Cat Dissemination (Chapman)

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Tue, 05/09/2017 - 05:14

I thought this comment from Chapman from the Rossi selling heat thread was worth putting in its own thread, as it focuses on a theme that has been much debated here on E-Cat World.

I know that most folks were hoping for QX powered personal-mobility-units to be available by Christmas, but one must take a step back and realize his stated market approach is the best possible solution, both for himself, as the inventor and CEO, and for society.

The critical part of it will be for him to find industrial partners with a LARGE demand, that he can slowly scale up to. This will give him the ability to put into use the largest number of units, while maintaining the highest degree of control. This satisfies the acknowledged safety concerns, allows the roll out to reach a critical mass that goes beyond that which could be denied, refuted, debunked, or flat out hidden, and allows him to establish a working relationship with high dollar customers.

Like it or not, Rossi MUST keep profits front and center in his market strategy. As long as he is pursuing maximum profit (short of just selling the rights to an oil giant to be suppressed and forgotten) then the natural consequence will be maximum utility and market penetration.

I hope Rossi NEVER abandons greed!
As wise men have said, “Greed is GOOD!”.
Greed makes the REAL world work.
Greed is THE Great Motivator.
Greed gets mankind off the couch, and drives them to productivity.
Greed creates a better world.

I hope Rossi dreams of putting one QX in every home, one in every vehicle, and 100 in every business – and getting $5 for every unit.
I hope he dreams of being richer than Trump.
Richer than Gates.
Richer than Bezos.
Why?
Because for him to REACH that goal will mean there IS a QX in every home, one in every vehicle, and 100 in every business!

Categories: News

Opening Statements from Rossi v. IH Trial Published

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Mon, 04/09/2017 - 16:03

Thanks to Abd Lomax for finding and publishing the opening statements from the Rossi v. IH trial that was cut short when the two sides settled. Abd has published the court transcripts on his Cold Fusion Community website here:

http://coldfusioncommunity.net/rvd-opening-statements/

There were actually two sets of opening statements published, as the trial had to restart after too many of the first set of jurors withdrew, so after a new jury was seated Rossi and IH repeated their opening statements (not sure yet if there were any changes — will have to study the transcripts), and also new statements from JM Products and Fulvio Fabiani were made.

Once the settlement was completed all trial activity was over, and the matter went into the history books. However there is still interest in the whole event and Abd has done an important service here in making these records available to study.

Categories: News

Rossi: First E-Cat Plants Under Construction, Will Sell Energy, Not Plants.

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Mon, 04/09/2017 - 13:28

I have been trying to find out a bit more about the status of Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat commercialization plans, and it sounds like they are taking a more definite shape. Here are a few recent questions and answers from the Journal of Nuclear Physics that can help us piece things together:

Frank Acland
September 3, 2017 at 8:55 PM
Dear Andrea,

You say that your the first plants that you sell will be managed directly by you.

a) Can you explain what you mean by that?
b) Have you any agreements to build plants for customers yet?

Andrea Rossi
September 3, 2017 at 9:32 PM
Frank Acland:
a) that we will operate the plant and the Customer will not have access to the reactors
b) yes
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Frank Acland
September 3, 2017 at 10:50 PM
Dear Andrea,

Very interesting that you have agreements to build plants already.
a) Have you started building them yet?
b) When do you expect to have them completed?
c) Will you be selling the plant, or selling energy with these first plants?

Andrea Rossi
September 4, 2017 at 6:32 AM
Frank Acland:
a) yes
b) confidential
C) energy
Warm Regards,
A.R.

manuel cilia
September 4, 2017 at 6:04 AM
Dear Dr Rossi
The older Ecat where 1Mw in output, will the newer Xcats be of similar output or larger for industrial use.

Thank you

Andrea Rossi
September 4, 2017 at 6:30 AM
Manuel Cilia:
Higher.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Rossi stated recently that the control system had been finalized, and now he says that the construction of the first E-Cat QX plants is underway. We learn now that these first plants will sell heat — he won’t be selling the plants themselves.

In the near term that could make business sense, as it gives Leonardo a chance to monitor the performance of these first plants closely (essentially they will be prototypes), learn how the plants perform in real world situations, make adjustments as needed, while also preventing outside access to the E-Cat reactors which is the critical IP — at the same time making money from selling heat directly to customers.

I don’t know how long they would plan to keep up with this business model. It would seem to be quite labor intensive for Leonardo, as they would need to have their own staff on hand 24/7 to manage the plants. Rossi has said that these first plants won’t be mass produced in the sense that they will be made in dedicated “robotized” factories, but they have some level of automation — and they would have to if they are going to producing enough E-Cat QX reactors, and control sytems, to build multi-MW plants as he now states.

So it would seem to me, taking Rossi’s comments at face value, that phase one of industrialization has started. It is limited and probably quite costly for Leonardo, but it may be enough to get an industrial foothold, and allow them to build dedicated factories and next move into the mass production phase that seems to be Andrea Rossi’s ultimate goal.

Categories: News

“Hurricane Harvey Makes Case for Nuclear Power” (Forbes)

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Sat, 02/09/2017 - 23:03

An article written by James Conca has been published on the Forbes website making a case that in the wake of Hurricane Harvey, which has devastated parts of the gulf coast in the southern United States, nuclear power has proven to be the most resilient power generation source.

The article is titled “”Hurricane Harvey Makes Case for Nuclear Power” https://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2014/01/12/polar-vortex-nuclear-saves-the-day/#5fa8613c6b08

He some excerpts:

“The two nuclear reactors at the South Texas Project plant near Houston were operating at full capacity despite wind gusts that peaked at 130 mph as the Hurricane made landfall. The plant implemented its severe weather protocols as planned and completed hurricane preparations ahead of Category 4 Hurricane Harvey striking the Texas Gulf Coast on August 25th.

“Anyone who knows anything about nuclear was not surprised. Nuclear is the only energy source immune to all extreme weather events – by design.

[…]

“Whether it’s hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, heat waves or severe cold, nuclear performs more reliably than anything else. There’s no better reason to retain our nuclear fleet, and even expand it, to give us a diverse energy mix that can handle any natural disaster that can occur.”

Mr. Conca does make valid points about the vulnerabilities of fossil fuel and solar/wind, but I was somewhat surprised that he did not mention the ongoing Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant disaster following the 2011 tsunami in northeast Japan as a possible exception to his case. I think if we had E-Cat style LENR plants instead of the fission variety, which would eliminate the concerns about radiation leakage and waste then his case would be more solid.

Categories: News

Rossi’s Approach to E-Cat Commercialization: Economy of Scale Best Protection

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Sat, 02/09/2017 - 16:38

Here’a response today from Andrea Rossi to a question I posted on the Journal of Nuclear Physics about what the significance of approaching 5 Sigma in his E-Cat QX testing in terms of commercialization.

Andrea Rossi
September 2, 2017 at 9:00 AM
Frank Acland:
Premature to answer.
Sharks are around ( especially the most vociferous competitors, whose vociferity is inversally proportional to their capacity to make something real by themselves, otherwise they’d have not time to vociferate ) waiting for the availability of our products to copy them. It is true that our patents cover our IP, but litigations have a huge cost. The best protection will be our economy scale. This makes unlikely that we will put for sale our mass products before we will have completed the industrialization of the manufacturing, to put for sale the E-Cat at a price able to restrain the competition from the beginning. We will continue to sell only big industrial plants, directly managed by us until we will be ready to put in commerce our E-Cats at a price for which the competition will not be encouraged, or able, to proceed against us.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

I find this quite an interesting response. He seems to be expecting reverse engineering attempts, I don’t think there is any doubt that this would happen once the E-Cat is available in the marketplace. It seems that Rossi believes that at least some of his vocal critics are in fact competitors who are waiting to copy the E-Cat when it is available, so until mass production is in place, it appears that only custom plants over which Leonardo has close control will be put into the marketplace. I suppose that they will take great pains to make sure the proprietary parts of the plants will be inaccessible to the customers.

After the lengthy litigation process he has just gone through with Industrial Heat, Rossi is clearly not wanting to count on legal recourse to protect himself from competitors. The bigger the stakes, the longer and more expensive legal cases would be, and I am sure that Rossi would far rather put all his time, energy and resources into developing the E-Cat than in fighting for it in court.

As far as the timing for mass production, Rossi has said recently he thinks it will happen in 2018, but he will certainly need lots of financial support to make that happen.

Categories: News

Rossi: E-Cat QX Control System ‘Final’, Resolving Problems with Financial Partnerships

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Mon, 28/08/2017 - 14:48

I found this comment from Andrea Rossi on the Journal of Nuclear Physics interesting today:

Andrea Rossi
August 28, 2017 at 7:24 AM
JPR:
We are continuing to work very well. Now the control system is final.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

I followed up with a question and got a response:

Frank Acland
August 28, 2017 at 7:53 AM
Dear Andrea,

With the control system now final, are you able to move beyond the R&D phase to begin the industrialization process of the E-Cat QX?

Andrea Rossi
August 28, 2017 at 8:21 AM
Frank Acland:
The answer to this question is very complex. I can say that we are resolving problems, also for what concerns the partnerships necessary for the financial issues bound to the industrialization.
Basically, we are very close to Sigma 5 level of reliablity of the basic module and putting modules in parallel we can reach any power.
Hard work is on course. Our Team is getting greater by the day. As Maurizio Crozza says: ” We are not sharpening the tips of the Pyramids”.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

From Rossi’s response here, it seems that not only is the technical development going well, but also the financing. I would imagine that for Rossi, the latter is going to be more difficult. When working in his lab, he has control over what goes on, but as we have seen in the IH relationship, business can be more of a challenge than science and technology. Of course both need to be in place before any serious commercial production can begin. As usual, there is very little detail provided, so it’s hard to evaluate the state of things. Still, from what I have heard, the planned demonstration is still going ahead in the latter part of November, so that may turn out to be the kickoff event that will set the larger commercialization into motion.

Categories: News

New Paper: “Evidence of Nuclear Fusion Neutrons in an Extremely Small Plasma Focus Device Operating at 0.1 Joules” (‘Strong Evidence . . . Beyond What was Expected’)

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Mon, 28/08/2017 - 13:45

Thanks to Michelangelo de Meo for posting a link on the Journal of Nuclear Physics to a new paper published in the Physics of Plasma journal titled “Evidence of nuclear fusion neutrons in an extremely small plasma focus device operating at 0.1 Joules”. Authors are Leopoldo Soto, Cristián Pavéz José, Moreno, Luis Altamirano, Luis Huerta, Mario Barbaglia, Alejandro Clausse, and Roberto E. Mayer, from Chile and Argentina.

Link: http://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/1.4989845

Here’s the abstract:

We report on D-D fusion neutron emission in a plasma device with an energy input of only 0.1 J, within a range where fusion events have been considered very improbable. The results presented here are the consequence of scaling rules we have derived, thus being the key point to assure the same energy density plasma in smaller devices than in large machines. The Nanofocus (NF)—our device—was designed and constructed at the P4 Lab of the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission. Two sets of independent measurements, with different instrumentation, were made at two laboratories, in Chile and Argentina. The neutron events observed are 20σ greater than the background. The NF plasma is produced from a pulsed electrical discharge using a submillimetric anode, in a deuterium atmosphere, showing empirically that it is, in fact, possible to heat and compress the plasma. The strong evidence presented here stretches the limits beyond what was expected. A thorough understanding of this could possibly tell us where the theoretical limits actually lie, beyond conjectures. Notwithstanding, a window is thus open for low cost endeavours for basic fusion research. In addition, the development of small, portable, safe nonradioactive neutron sources becomes a feasible issue.” (Emphasis added)

 

Here’s an image from the paper with the explanation:

“(a) A sketch of the NF discharge device. The driven capacitor (5 nF) is composed of two parallel plates (lower plate: anode; upper plate: cathode). A 0.42 mm diameter copper cylinder is covered with quartz, attached to the centre of the anode plate, and passes through a small hole in the cathode centre. Plasma is formed between the top of the anode and the cathode base. (b) The NF chamber (pointed in the photograph). (c) A time-integrated photograph of the discharge. Note the bright spot on the anode top.”

Categories: News

Energy Production & Transmutation: Two Different LENR Tracks

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Sun, 27/08/2017 - 19:30

The recent test results from the MFMP showing apparent transmutations after charcoal has treated for two minutes in the George Egeley NOVA reactor are quite fascinating, although I think it is still premature to regard them as conclusive. My understanding is that the MFMP will be doing the test on a more pure carbon sample to see if similar results are produced.

I originally became interested in LENR because I though it could be an important source of inexpensive and low-coast energy, and so far, energy production seems to be the goal of many LENR researchers. However, it is possible that another equally important future LENR application will be either elemental, or isotopic transmutations (or may be both).

The goal of many of the old alchemists was to be able to make something extremely valuable (e.g. gold) from a common element (e.g. lead), but many centuries ago they did not have the understanding of chemistry, nor the necessary technological apparatus to make it happen. This changed in the 20th Century with nuclear engineering. Here’s an excerpt from a Scientific American article on the subject of transmutation.

With the dawn of the atomic age in the 20th century, however, the transmutation of elements finally became possible. Nowadays nuclear physicists routinely transform one element to another. In commercial nuclear reactors, uranium atoms break apart to yield smaller nuclei of elements such as xenon and strontium as well as heat that can be harnessed to generate electricity. In experimental fusion reactors heavy isotopes of hydrogen merge together to form helium. (An element is defined by the number of protons in its nucleus whereas an isotope of a given element is determined by the quantity of neutrons.)

But what of the fabled transmutation of lead to gold? It is indeed possible—all you need is a particle accelerator, a vast supply of energy and an extremely low expectation of how much gold you will end up with. More than 30 years ago nuclear scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in California succeeded in producing very small amounts of gold from bismuth, a metallic element adjacent to lead on the periodic table.

If LENR reactors are able to produce similar results at much lower cost, and safely, in reasonable quantities then we might find that transmutation is comparable in importance to energy production, especially if currently rare and valuable elements and/or isotopes can be created. It may be that we will see two very different tracks for LENR emerging.

Categories: News

Transmutation Confirmed? New MFMP Video: “NOVA Basic – First Look at 2 Minute Processed Charcoal”

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Fri, 25/08/2017 - 15:17

Here’s a new video published by the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project in which they look at ash produced from processing carbon from charcoal after two minutes in George Egely’s NOVA reactor, using a Scanning Electron Microscope.

In the video, they show results in which aluminium, magnesium, iron, silicon, sulphur, potassium, calcium, titanium, sodium, copper are identified.

From the video description:

NOTE: CHARCOAL AND GRAPHITE LEAD USED WITH UNKNOWN ANALYSIS

First look at 2 mins of charcoal processed in Basic NOVA reactor seems to confirm the claims of Dr. George Egely that it is producing George Ohsawa reaction products. Tests with controlled pure carbon needed to be certain.

Categories: News

New Brilliant Light Power Patent for “Thermophotovoltaic Electrical Power Generator”

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Fri, 25/08/2017 - 13:55

A new Brilliant Light Power international patent application for a “Thermophotovoltaic Electrical Power Generator” has been published by the World Intellectual Property Organzation.

As usual for BLP, this is a very long document (345 pages); here is the abstract:

A molten metal fuel to plasma to electricity power source that provides at least one of electrical and thermal power comprising (i) at least one reaction cell for the catalysis of atomic hydrogen to form hydrinos, (ii) a chemical fuel mixture comprising at least two components chosen from: a source of H2O catalyst or H2O catalyst; a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; reactants to form the source of H2O catalyst or H2O catalyst and a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; and a molten metal to cause the fuel to be highly conductive, (iii) a fuel injection system comprising an electromagnetic pump, (iv) at least one set of electrodes that confine the fuel and an electrical power source that provides repetitive short bursts of low-voltage, high-current electrical energy to initiate rapid kinetics of the hydrino reaction and an energy gain due to forming hydrinos to form a brilliant-light emitting plasma, (v) a product recovery system such as at least one of an electrode electromagnetic pump recovery system and a gravity recovery system, (vi) a source of H2O vapor supplied to the plasma and (vii) a power converter capable of converting the high-power light output of the cell into electricity such as a concentrated solar power thermophotovoltaic device and a visible and infrared transparent window or a plurality of ultraviolet (UV) photovoltaic cells or a plurality of photoelectric cells, and a UV window.

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/docservicepdf_pct/id00000038735552/PAMPH/WO2017127447.pdf

Categories: News

The Solid Foundation: Don’t Skip Nickel-Hydrogen

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Fri, 25/08/2017 - 13:23

The following post was submitted by a reader who wishes to remain anonymous

The requirement to carefully treat and process nickel to facilitate the adsorption and absorption of nickel into a metal lattice is by no means a new discovery. Sergio Focardi and Francesco Piantelli learned through trial and error testing during their testing of Ni-H systems in the 1990’s that contaminants, both on the interior and exterior of their fuel, could inhibit the production of excess heat. Moreover, their papers go into significant detail about their methods of washing, etching, annealing, thermal cycling, and degassing. If proper care was utilized in the treatment of their fuel, significant quantities (capable of being measured with ordinary instrumentation) of ordinary light hydrogen could be documented being taken up and emitted from their nickel.

They noted that a sudden change in temperature OR pressure could trigger the uptake or release of hydrogen, inducing an “excited state” in which excess heat was produced. During this period of research, they were capable of producing a COP of over two, utilizing only nickel rod, bar, wire, or plated materials.

Their work, long before Andrea Rossi came onto the scene, proved that a significant quantity of excess heat could be produced from a highly unoptimized setup. An increase in surface area, reverse spillover catalysts (palladium, platinum, copper, or even smaller nano-particles of nickel), methods of accelerating the splitting of molecular hydrogen into atomic hydrogen (high voltages, radio frequency generators, utilizing resonance, including metal hydrides that emit atomic hydrogen when heated such as LiAlH4 or lithium hydride), and other methods could be utilized to dramatically increase the excess heat. In reality, to produce very good results, there is no magic pixie dust or special element. Perhaps Rossi did start off using a spillover catalyst of some sort; however, the obvious conclusion is that he moved past such elements rapidly and utilized other methods of producing atomic hydrogen.

Beyond a doubt, however, the basis of any successful Ni-H system is properly treated, cleaned, and degassed fuel. To accomplish this requires tedious effort and extreme care. If someone is willing to perform the long, ongoing series of tests to gain the experience needed to remove surface coatings (oxides, grease, and other contaminants) and trapped gases (carbon monoxide, oxygen, and even water), positive results beyond any doubt can be obtained with only nickel and hydrogen. According to one replicator whose results have not been confirmed, once you learn how to treat your nickel so that it can “breathe” light hydrogen in and out, a COP of 2-3 is easily possible. Then if you can add a method of producing atomic hydrogen on demand, there is no limit to the COP you can achieve.

As asserted in the paper by Mizuno, the suggestion that excess heat cannot be produced with only nickel and some form of hydrogen without an additional element is blatantly incorrect: the feat has already been performed. The challenge that may add difficulty to achieving excess heat with nickel and hydrogen alone is related to the importance of proper treatment that allows splitting molecular hydrogen into atomic hydrogen. Nickel isn’t the most catalytic element around in terms of interacting with H2 or D2. Palladium, on the other hand, can split the molecule like a hot knife through butter. So if you’re not going to rely on another element, your cleaning may have to be spot on, you may have to produce smaller particles of the same element in your fuel processing, or you may have to intentionally create specific surface features that can improve the catalytic activity of nickel.

I have zero doubt whatsoever that with enough work Mizuno or any other research with adequate resources and focus can produce significant excess heat without utilizing palladium or other catalysts. The only barrier is their work ethic and determination to do so. Once this know how is accumulated, all additional improvements would happen more organically.

A final observation: the high voltage mentioned in Mizuno’s paper produces a plasma that engulfs the area in which the nickel mesh resides. The plasma is certainly creating some quantity (high or low) of atomic hydrogen directly. In a system in which nickel alone is treated adequately enough to produce excess heat, such a plasma could accelerate hydrogen adsorption and absorption.

The key to mastering the nickel-hydrogen reaction is going back to basics: the work of Focardi and Piantelli. From there, we can utilize the tidbits provided by Andrea Rossi and the suggestions of other researchers to improve our results. My hope is that researchers like Mizuno and others will narrow their focus on processing nickel alone in such a manner that it can absorb adequate quantities of hydrogen to produce copious excess heat. Such a foundation is needed by the LENR community: a simple set of instructions that allows two elements (Ni-H) to come together and produce a non-conventional safe nuclear reaction. From there a thousand improvements could be made. But using plausible shortcuts initially, such as introducing palladium or other additional elements before mastering the basic effect, is like building a house on sand for skeptics and cynics to wash away.

Categories: News

Mizuno Claims Production of Excess Energy that ‘Far Exceeds Input’ in New LENR Experiments

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Wed, 23/08/2017 - 03:49

Thanks to Jones Beene on Vortex-l for posting a link to a new paper written by Tadahiko Mizuno of Hydrogen Engineering Application & Development Company in Sapporo Japan, titled “Observation of excess heat by activated metal and deuterium gas” and posted on the LENR-CANR.org website here.

This is a detailed paper with much data, and many details to digest. I’m sure it will be studied in depth, but here are just a few key points:

Abstract:

“Reports of heat-generating cold fusion reactions in the nickel–hydrogen systemhave been increasing. The reactions mainly involve nickel with other additive elements. The authors of these reports emphasized the importance of an extremely clean system in the electrolytic tests in which excess heat was generated. Therefore, we attempted to detect excess heat after reducing impurities to a minimum by cleaning the electrode carefully and then fabricating nano particles in situ in our test system, without ever exposing them to air. As a result, energy far exceeding input was continuously obtained. In the best results obtained thus far, the output thermal energy is double the input electrical energy, amounting to several hundred watts. The generated thermal energy follows an exponential temperature function. When the reactor temperature is 300°C, the generated energy is 1 kW. An increase of the temperature is expected to greatly increase the output energy.”

The reactor used was a stainless steel cylinder in which were placed two pieces of nickel mesh which were cleaned first with detergent, then with water, alcohol and acetone. There are two electrodes inside the chamber, one of which is wound with palladium wire. There is an aluminum ceramic heater in the center of the reactor which is wound with palladium wire. There is also a heater wound around the outside of the reactor.

After evacuating the heater, deuterium gas is added to the reactor at “several hundred Pa.” The reactor is then heated and held constant for a number of hours. High voltage is then applied to the palladium wire around the ceramic heater inside the reactor, which forms a plasma. There is then a cycling of heating, degassing and re-gassing, while increasing temperature, and finally the system is let to drop to room temperature.

High voltage is then applied to the palladium electrode, which releases D2 gas, and causes plasma to form on the electrode. Eventually this causes palladium to be deposited on the nickel mesh, and this, according to Mizuno, causes the condition that generates excess heat.

Mizuno writes:

“The excess power increases with the temperature rise of the reactor. For example, the excess power is 100 W at 100°C, 315 W at 200°C, and 480 W at 250°C. Excess power of 10 W and 20 W was generated even when the reactor was near room temperature.”

[…]

“We speculate that the excess heat would reach the order of kilowatts at 1/Tr = 0.001, i.e., approximately 700°C. We confirmed that the excess heat increases exponentially with reactor temperature.”

[…]

“Activation of the metal surface, that is, removal of the oxide, nitride, and carbide layers, is particularly important. Heating and discharge treatment in deuterium gas is an effective method of activating the metal surface. The use of highly pure gas and the thorough removal of released gas during the surface treatment are also important. “

Mizuno notes that since this experiment was carried out, that he has improved the conditions for excess heat production. Appendix A describes some of the changes, which includes not using detergents or other similar cleaners of the nickel mesh because they may introduce impurities. Rather, they polish the nickel with emery paper, clean with hot water, and rub palladium on the nickel. In this appendix he suggests that Hydrogen as well as Deuterium could work.

Categories: News

Motor Generator Prototype with Circuit Shows Significant Power Gains (Allan Shura)

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Tue, 22/08/2017 - 13:59

The following post has been submitted by Allan Shura

I became interested in new clean energy technologies in 2009 when reports that the US Navy had confirmed excess heat with cold fusion not long after physics professor Yoshiaki Arata of Osaka University in Japan made the first successful public media demonstration of cold fusion.

I was then interested in numerous claims about self looping generators providing excess power. I started experiments nearly 2 years ago and because I have had good results progressively I want to advance the project to the next level.

The motor generator prototype is a platform for the development of power generation and electrical products. I will start an Indiegogo crowdfunding campaign during this week as a way for this technology breakthrough to move forward with the opportunity to become widely available.

This project is a DC permanent magnet motor configuration. The orientation and configuration of the motors induces magnetic and electrical oscillation for recapture of force and accelerates to capacitance of the prototype. Since easily available and widespread commonly available components are used in the device the IP could be described as an industrial process. The addition of a particular circuit results in an immediate large increase in power measurable by both instrumentation and physical observation.

There are several combined interactive forces in this dynamic system.

Video: Acceleration Under a load

February 26 2017

This video explains the orientation of the permanent magnet motors at a power and voltage around 17 watts. These tool torque motors are oriented 90 degrees and accelerate under a limited constant supply of power from a lab grade DC power supply. The cycle is opposing or 90 degrees offset at a given instant in time.

This is the normal motor generator configuration except for the offset orientation of the motors and magnets in the motors.

Normally the foundational math would be consistent as the assumption is that the power would be drawn for a load from the non powered side or the generator side.

Large industrial units of DC motor generators are used to transform low DC voltage to higher DC voltage with the increased number of magnets and coils in the generator side of the large industrial transformer. In AC however the
usual solid state or core and wire coil transformer is used to raise the voltage.

The local area spacing between the two sides has a boosting magnetic or electromagnetic force along the armature shaft and in the open space between some of which is thought to be magnetic and also radio or frequency hertz communicative. At the zero point or shaft connection there is phase polarity interaction as hypothesized but not recorded yet in instrument research of this project.

The observable effect is acceleration beyond what would be usually seen.

That is usually angular momentum for some minutes dependent on the speed and mass ratio. Acceleration beyond the normal time and range of angular momentum for a motor would indicate more power being generated. Acceleration under a load under these conditions is not demonstrated by the foundational math probably due to a lack of variables considered.

The importance of the brush to armature angle and electromagnetic forces in the phase shift cycle of rotation is touched on in the mystery of the amplidyne videos for formative ideas theory and hypotheses.

Video: Renewable Energy Generator – voltage acceleration

May 14 2017

A live test and data is recorded. This configuration A 26.9 watt DC resistive bulb is used as a load. The configuration is the same as the previous video that showed an accelerative effect. This test shows the addition of a circuit that results in a
large increase in power in the dynamic system. The data is shown for the increase in power.

The data tests the difference in power for a 26.9 resistive watt light load:

1) without the electromechanical generator.
2) with the electromechanical generator
3) with the electromechanical generator and the wave regenerative circuit

The test showed both the digital power supply readings
and digital multi meter readings for power input independent of each other.

Findings:
There was a large increase in power with the added circuit.

There was much less than expected increase in the power input with a balanced bulb load added using the circuit. For example an apparent 18 watt bulb load under multi meter readings showed only a 3.6 watts increase in input power using the circuit together with the power generating system.

The data is shown first in the video and then the corrected data on the website:

http://www.shuraenergy.com/testdata.html

Video: Energy Generator Circuit Test

August 3 2017

This is a test to help resolve 2 parameters.

First the current limiting 6.75 watt AC to DC adapter is an alternate source of constant DC current as a control compared to the voltage regulation of the lab grade DC power supply used in the Video: Renewable Energy Generator – voltage acceleration toward the validation of power gain effects.

The effects of power gain if using the applied circuit at the lowest level of voltage and power for the system to run is tested.

Findings:

Using the AC adapter DC limited current input:

1) A single motor alone will not run on the power input but has a strong pulse.

2) Two 26 watt lights will glow and resonate at the low power three will barely blink without a constant glow.

3) The configured motor generator unit will not run on the power available.

4) Condition with the circuit added:
The configured motor generator runs and is able to glow two lights and maintain a higher than expected rotation and torque using the same limited DC power input of the adapter.

5) The results and observations show a net gain in power using the circuit using the same limited input of power supplied.

These are the observed results showing an increase in electro mechanical torque. A hypothesis could be regenerative amperage current standing square wave pulse oscillation and or other theories of interactions within the
system.

More information can be found at the new website:

<http://www.shuraenergy.com/>

and on my You Tube channel:

<http://www.youtube.com/c/AllanShura>

Categories: News

Lava Flow LENR in Nature? (P. Oeoht)

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Mon, 21/08/2017 - 03:58

The following comment was posted by P. Oeoht in the Edmund Storms video thread, and I thought it raised an interesting point. It was made in response to a comment by f sedei who was wondering what Ed Storms might consider LENR occuring in nature.

Consider volcanic lava flowing along a slope on the surface of the ground for day after day, at about 1 metre per minute, without a source of heat to keep it molten.

Now consider a ton of molten aluminium applied to an identical slope, also without a source of heat. How long would the Al remain molten? One minute, perhaps!

One of the standard volcanic temperature anomalies is seen when the temperature of the lava at the mouth of the volcano is found to be significantly LOWER than that up to 100 metres down the lava stream.

Categories: News

New Patent Application for High Efficiency Electricity Generation from LENR Systems using Thermionic Conversion

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 14:50

A new patent application has recently been filed by two US-based engineers that claims high efficiency electricity generation from ‘low energy thermal heat generation systems’, also referred to as LENR systems. The title is: “METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY ELECTRICITY GENERATION USING LOW ENERGY THERMAL HEAT GENERATION AND THERMIONIC DEVICES”; the inventors are Rodney T. Cox and Hans Walitzki.

Link to the patent application is here

Here’s the abstract:

A system and method are provided for generating electric power from relatively low temperature energy sources at efficiency levels not previously available. The present system and method employ recent advances in low energy nuclear reaction technology and thermionic/thermotunneling device technology first to generate heat and then to convert a substantial portion of the heat generated to usable electrical power. Heat may be generated by a LENR system employing nuclear reactions that occur in readily available materials at ambient temperatures without a high energy input requirement and do not produce radioactive byproducts. The heat generated by the LENR system may be transferred through one or more thermionic converter devices in heat transfer relationship with the LENR system to generate electric power.

The patent applications references LENR as a means of heat generation, specifically mentioning the work of Andrea Rossi and George Miley. I would expect that as LENR become more widely recognized as a genuinely new system of heat/energy production, there will be many patents filed in a similar vein, claiming new ways to exploit LENR.

Categories: News

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