The Clustered Teeth of the E-Cat QX (Hank Mills)

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Sat, 02/12/2017 - 14:45

The following post has been submitted by Hank Mills

What Andrea Rossi has achieved so far with the Quark seems phenomenally amazing. Moreover, I expect that the E-Cat QX has far more potential than mentioned in the presentation.

I think the E-Cat QX is connected with the phenomenon of EVOs (Exotic Vacuum Objects) intensely studied by Ken R. Shoulders, a holder of many patents, a man who was once named scientist of the year, and is known as the “Father of Micro-electrons” for his earlier work?

Ken Shoulders

Paper on Ectons

The same phenomenon he studied is also referred to by other names such as high density charged clusters, ectons (by several Russian teams), micro-ball lightning, condensed plasmoids, and a few others. Basically, they represent a well documented phenomenon in which electrons can overcome their mutual repulsion and cluster together in close proximity. They exist throughout nature and are at the heart of many different phenomena. A simple explanation of one method by which they can be produced is by a discharge between electrodes. The ultra high electrical gradients that occur at surface irregularities and protrusions on a cathode produce very high fields and current densities. A series of events take place, over a precariously short time-frame, that leads to a sudden temperature rise and a micro-explosion of the region of high field density. This releases not only a spray of particles but also a high density of electrons in a small volume. A portion of these electrons can cluster together, overcoming their repulsion, and form an EVO or “charged cluster.”

These charged clusters can behave quite anomalously. For instance, they often pull in and encapsulate positive ions from the environment or particles from their creation. (see more here: Ken R. Shoulders and others have been able to document that for no additional input kinetic energy beyond what would be required to accelerate the electron cluster, the “screened” or “shielded” interior heavy ion (such as a number of protons as one example) can be hurled onto a target anode at high speeds. Upon impacting the target, the transported heavy ion can possess millions of electron-volts: enough energy to produce nuclear events and transmutations. Ken Shoulders and other teams were able to document such transmutations. In addition, the passage of the EVO or charged cluster through metals can leave a path in which matter seems to be de-molecularized, as if the electron bonds holding the lattice together had been disrupted. SEM images of these boreholes and resulting slag are available on the net.

There are two additional mechanisms I’ve came across that could allow these charged clusters to produce nuclear reactions.

First, is that when these EVOs (which can assume different geometric configurations) orient themselves into torus shapes the electrical attract to pull exterior ions inwards can become intense, to the point that the pull can impart millions of electron volts to the tractored ions. Basically, these torus shaped EVOs could be considered atom grinders as new ions are smashed against those already present in the interior. The very nature of the EVO shields any hard radiation from escaping this electric “singularity” and the KE produced by the interior nuclear reactions is released upon impact on the anode.

Secondly, is that an EVO (perhaps with a proton at the core) could take the place of an electron in the orbit of a typical atom, reduce the barriers that inhibit nuclear reactions, and trigger LENR.

I expect that the Quark is producing EVOs via one of many mechanisms: including emission from the cathode during “ecton” explosions, in the plasma itself due to pumping with waveforms, or in the nickel cathode when a high loading of nickel results in the production of interior cracks/fissures in the lattice triggering fracto-emission. Moreover, the bombardment of the cathode by protons and other ions could not only produce the high loading ratios but also the physical impulses required to produce interior cracking. Basically, several of these mechanisms could work together, self re-inforcing each other, to produce the enormous COPs produced by the Quark.

Then, again, there could very well be other phenomenon at play: there could be more than one energy producing phenomena. But if EVOs are at play, it could explain some issues and yield even more possibilities. For example, the abnormal heating of your power supply (requiring active cooling). Also, if EVOs are being continuously created and destroyed, I expect a great deal of “longitudinal” — rather than traditional transverse — impulses to be emitted from your reactor. Instead of being idealy received by a traditionally oriented antenna, a long antenna positioned coaxially to the vector of propagation would optimally receive them. Or, with an antenna similar to what Nikola Tesla utilized, a circular metal sphere may intercept them. After reception, the power could be rectified in a number of ways and added to the output total.

My guess is that there’s more of this longitudinal impulse “power” being emitted (which travels through virtually all matter without producing a counter EMF via Lenz Law because of a lack of a magnetic component) than the heat you are able to produce. I expect these impulses may be most intense directly behind the electrodes where EVOs may be impacting, on either side of the QX reactor.

Again, if you’re not familiar with EVOs (charged clusters, ectons, charged plasmoids, etc) then please let me know and I can provide you with a multitude of links and papers.

Categories: News

Rossi’s E-Cat and Big Oil (Mason Ainsworth)

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Fri, 01/12/2017 - 12:14

The following post has been submitted by Mason Ainsworth

The recent Stockholm demonstration astounded me. By design, intuition, or simple luck, Rossi appears to be taking advantage of, if not pushing Big Oil towards a fracturing of a sense of coalition by presenting the means for attaining and possibly maintaining a competitive advantage for many years to come.

It is constructive to place this impression in context by quickly summarizing a personal perspective of the history of the E-Cat and Rossi starting with his 2011 public demonstration in Bologna. Consequently, relevant trends become evident, rendering a picture of important forces supporting this opinion. To do otherwise is to open one to imaginative arguments.

First, there is an abbreviated history covering the progression of the following: the E-Cat technology, the growth in reported COP, the forms of investor involvement, the forms of 3rd party and public demonstration and validation tests, the degree of acceptance for LENR science, Rossi’s use of outside consultants, and the apparent changes in Rossi’s public posture. It is abbreviated so as to not get caught up in analyzing the details.

Then, I address the current moment and what came out of the Stockholm demonstration. Due to the presence of Mr. Hurley, I layout my impression of the strategic health of the global Oil Industry, the economic impact of the QuarkX, a back of the envelope assessment of the oil industry strategic state of mind, and the political climate.

Finally, an opinion is then presented which hopefully is faithful to the picture painted.


We have patiently seen the progression of Rossi’s technology going from the original E-Cat to the Low and High-Temp E-Cats, and now to the recent E-Cat QuarkX. This progression includes the actual size of the reactor module, the refinement of the materials used for the reactor housing, as well as the controllability and reliability of the technology, which has just recently passed a 5σ threshold and shows “light switch” On/Off performance. Also, the E-Cat was originally presented as a heat engine. However with the very recent development of the Quark configuration, the forms of output have expanded to include heat, light, and electricity. But, Rossi is maintaining a focus on developing the E-Cat QuarkX as a heat generator

Of key interest to the practical minded, there has been a progression of the COP over the different incarnations. It seemed to start at around 3, then jumped to 10, and with the relatively recent 1-Year test 80. Now we have 500. This is not to ignore the Gullstrom-Rossi test with COPs of 2000 and 22,000. As a reminder, the following is a rough approximation of the impact of high COPs upon the transition from heat generated from grid-provided electricity and LENR generated heat.

COP stands for Coefficient of Performance and is equal to Energy Out/Energy In. A COP=80 means a significant economic benefit to an industrial operation that uses grid electricity to generate heat. When this operation switches to a LENR heat engine, $1.00 of grid electricity will generate “$80” of LENR generated heat, or the business will now only need to buy $1.25 of grid electricity to generate “$100” of heat. A COP=500 means this business now needs to buy $0.20 of electricity to generate “$100” of heat. Please note, in this simplification, the actual cost associated with the purchase of an E-Cat QuarkX heat supply is excluded.

The progression of different forms of investor involvement reflects a raw beginning with franchise investors and ending with the dissolution of the IH-Rossi license arrangement preceded by the buying out of most franchise investors. Now, there appears to be a new partner where the legal and financial relationship is undefined but presented in a positive light by Rossi, who implied that the recent 5σ effort was suggested by this mysterious partner. It is important to recognize that the final mutual agreement between IH and Rossi at the end of the IH-Rossi legal action fulfilled Rossi’s expressed goal, the full termination of all IH rights to the IP.

The progression of 3rd Party demonstrations and validation tests begins with the 2011 Bologna demonstration. In addition, with this progression, it should be noted that for each of these tests the number of new people directly involved with Rossi and the tests grow. There followed the two academic oriented tests by those who have been called the Lugano team, in 2013 and 2014. Then, there was the 1-Year test ending in early 2016, and now we have the recent 2017 Stockholm demonstration. It should be noted that the 2014 Lugano report presented information that simply baffled the supervising academic scientists. Nothing in their backgrounds enabled them to understand the isotopic transmutations of the isolated elements . . . and their conclusion indicated their acceptance of what they saw but a lack of ability to describe the mechanism, calling for further experimentation.

The progression of LENR science started with simple disbelief and now is accepted as a mysterious fact of nature, though this is not acknowledged in the mainstream. Many will say that Rossi helped to forge the way, citing the reported duplication of the Rossi Effect as an effective factor in this progression.

All of the above has had an effect on the progression of arguments presented by the Trolls/Skeptics, at least as seen here at E-Cat World. They first started with the grand posture of “it goes against the Laws of Physics” and “Rossi went to prison for wicked disreputable fraudulent reasons”. Now with the passing of time they have narrowed the focus on how each test/demonstration is unable to answer the flood of questionable questions, or lacks the validation of “true science” due to Rossi’s physical involvement and his withholding of critical proprietary IP information. The question of the LENR phenomena is no longer the question, only Rossi’s integrity. The attack is focused on specific details and not the broad inclusive context summarized here.

Rossi’s attitude has changed over the years. There seems to be a growing use of outside consultants on how to improve the E-Cat. We have seen that constructive outside perspective has aided in selection of the materials suitable for the extreme temperatures within the reactor (about 2600C), and the modification of the structure/form to support efficient heat dissipation. Rossi has described their expertise as coming from Aerospace, Robotics/Manufacturing, Nuclear Plant testing, and with the physical presence of Mr. Hurley at the Stockholm demonstration, Big Oil (Oil Refining)

Rossi’s change in attitude can be tied to a key moment, the successful resolution of the IH-Rossi legal action. There is the before. Now Rossi is clear that there will be no more direct involvement in outside validation or demonstrations. He no longer looks to academia for validation; he looks to the ultimate test of product acceptance in the free market. His focus is upon the industrialization with the strategic goal of being the extremely low cost producer. To this end, he is/will be contracting with the necessary engineers to optimize, to “productize” the E-Cat QuarkX and control box.


From the above, it is clear that Rossi has something real to share going into the demonstration. And his intent was to capitalize on the opportunity in pursuit of industrialization. He was focused upon signaling his intent. His choice of Stockholm is interesting and implies his wish to convey openness to a global audience and global opportunities.

The demonstration was astounding. Rossi told the story and demonstrated his ability to control a plasma which generated a COP=500. Further, he had William S. Hurley, an expert in oil refineries and an associate of a Fortune 100 Big Oil corporation Andeavor Inc., sitting to his right, in the “forbidden zone” behind the table.

As has been shared elsewhere, Andeavor is a corporation with about 1.2 Million barrels/day oil total refining production from multiple locations. William Hurley’s presence invites the question of how would Andeavor benefit from a LENR heat source with a COP=500? Estimates of annual costs saving have ranged between $1 and $4 Billion; estimates which, depending upon Andeavor’s strategic intent, could support debt of about $10 to $40bBillion, assuming a 10% cost of money, for various uses such as the ability to expand through price competition and/or purchase of other refinery assets.

The big problem Rossi arguably faces is “what would trigger the question in the mind of a corporate board of directors: would we be negligent or incompetent if we avoided LENR as an opportunity to address the growing pressure to act?” Rossi’s choice of staging the presence of Big Oil raises questions on the challenges the oil industry faces, challenges facing these corporate board of directors.

I won’t detail out formal responses to structures for analyzing competitive strategy that encompass: the threat of new entrants, the bargaining power of suppliers, the bargaining power of buyers, the threat of substitute products or services, the rivalry among existing competitors, and the formation of complementary coalitions or grouping of corporations. But, most of us are already aware of the changes impacting the global energy industry. Alt-energy sources such as solar have reached price parity with the least expensive forms of existing energy sources and are now moving towards a growing price advantage. There is an increasing probability expressed in the MSM for electric vehicles to dominate new vehicle sales in less than 10 years. The transition away from oil is an accepted though contested fact. The question is “When?” given there is a growing probability for global flat demand in 10 years or less and a growing probability for declining demand quickly after onset of this global flat demand. All of this suggesting that in 30-40 years oil demand will be driven primarily as chemical feedstock rather than as a source of energy.

This hypothetical board of directors also faces a global political landscape supporting these changes. Rossi has shown he is not isolated to USA. His outlook is global. He is willing to partner with those who behave as a trustworthy and trustable buyer, presuming a much stronger contract as compared to that of IH-Rossi. India and China are looking and are pursuing solutions to existing extreme air pollution problems. There is a growing emphasis on “quick” transition to electric vehicles and alt-energy. The examples are endless.


If the “Tipping Point” reflects a rebalancing of existing forces, then Rossi’s QuarkX’s evolution of a COP=80 to COP=500 materially changes the economic pressure supporting the implementation of LENR.

Rossi’s work with a representative of Big Oil integrates the simple unacknowledged fact that Big Oil is now planning, organizing, and acting in recognition of a foreseeable downsizing of global demand. A fact that nurtures the competitive mindset which is open to “creative destruction”; a mindset open to protecting the US oil industry at the expense of competitors, whether corporations or nations; a mindset that says “I’m going to eat your lunch and my lunch, before you can eat my lunch!”

Further, Rossi has the implicit threat of COP=22,000 for those holding positions of authority who act on the belief of protecting/managing the Status Quo, pushing them to accept a starting point for the integration of a new source of energy into the existing structure, guiding them to deal with the “small” rather than the “large” destabilizing force.

By design or intuition or simple luck, Rossi is forcing those industries and/or investors which care to put up or shut up for the simple reason: a COP=500 enables market place domination.
Will Rossi succeed? I want to believe so. Will his partner be with Big Oil? I don’t have an opinion either way aside from Hurley’s presence. Time will tell how Rossi’s story peaks.

Categories: News

Mystery Video — “me356 Test” (Update: Confirmed)

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Fri, 01/12/2017 - 03:09

Thanks to ECW reader Henry for sharing this rather mysterious video today that has been posted on the Streamable video sharing website. There is no description or explanation of it, except for the title of the video which is “me356 -test”. The video is not dated.

There hasn’t been much recent information from me356, but he has said that he his busy in developing LENR products, so maybe this video is his way of providing an update.

I have written to me356 asking if he could comment on what is going on — if this is indeed a genuine video produced by him.

UPDATE: I received the following from Me356:

The video is recorded by me. But it was not supposed to be shared…
The reactor was of an older test from reactor similar to the E-Cat QX. It is not replication since many data are missing. Actually it is only slightly updated version of what I was testing two years ago. In the meantime I was testing maybe thousands of similar or different reactors. So this one is probably not more interesting than the rest.
Used fuel was same that we are using in our upcoming products. It was only powered by other means – there is no heater coil at all.
So the construction is very easy and total cost for something like this is maybe 4 USD (excluding electronics). But due to nature of the design it is necessary to use higher voltage to obtain conduction line first – same as in the QX.
Then it is enough to power it with 2 – 30V depending on used modulation. Diameter of the tube is just 3mm.
Definitively it is nothing related to our products. But it is working well as long as body is holding together.

I hope that it helped.

Categories: News

Rossi Claims Important Stockholm Success

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Thu, 30/11/2017 - 12:32

The presentation of the E-Cat QX in Stockholm last week has been the topic of a great deal of discussion and scrutiny by people following the LENR story. From everything I have read, and people I have spoken with I would say that from the point of view of observers from the outside (i.e. the peanut gallery) that the event has not changed the opinion about the E-Cat a great deal, and one question that has been asked repeatedly is, what was the purpose of putting on such an event?

It was not a product demonstration, since there is no product to demonstrate yet; it was not a scientific presentation, as it was run and controlled by the inventor, Andrea Rossi. To me, it seems that it was is Rossi letting people know that he has an energy production process that works, and that he was open to do business with — at the same (as usual) keeping the details of how he does what he does as secret as possible.

Perhaps the most important part of the event for Rossi were the discussions that took place afterwards. Rossi explained to the attendees that he would be available to meet with people who wanted to talk with him privately in a room at the IVA conference center following the presentation. According to Alan Smith, who attended the presentation, he was still occupied in private meetings four hours after the public meeting concluded.

Rossi has stated on the Journal of Nuclear Physics: “Several days after the Stockholm demo we made a very important agreement, that will make faster the start of a massive industrial production. These few days have been momentous.” I asked him if this agreement was the direct result of the Stockholm presentation and he responded:

Andrea Rossi
November 30, 2017 at 2:05 AM
Frank Acland:
It has been a direct result of the Stockolm event: it has been attended by very high level persons, either from the scientific and the industrial point: the IVA conference room acted just like a reactor containing strongly reactive elements…
Warm Regards,

Rossi of course won’t provide us with details of the nature of any agreement, or who he has spoken with, so it is still hard for us outsiders to gauge the significance of the Stockholm event until we find evidence of what many LENR followers are hoping for: LENR products working in the real world.

Categories: News

The LENR Revolution and Robots (Albert Kallal)

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Wed, 29/11/2017 - 12:27

The following post has been submitted by Albert D. Kallal

The promise of LENR and the delivery of low cost energy is not only the holy grail of physics, but a story that has the potential to change the world as we know it.

Energy = high potential standard of living. The instant mankind replaced muscle power with chemical power was the instant we became freed from our limitations. The result was the rise from near slavery conditions to grow our food and provide the resources to that of a high standard of living. At least for those that have energy.

Today, even high population of counties like China are able to feed their large population. In fact we even see some of those areas now exporting rice and other food stuffs. A quick glance on the grocery shelfs and was surprised at the variety of foods coming all the way from China to be sold in my native country of Canada. All this food is the result of energy.

It is without question that adoption of energy is what feeds us, clothes us, and keeps us warm. Our use of energy is a significant part in near everything we consume.

There are three areas that I see as booming and benefiting from LENR.

First up will be the ability to grow food indoors. Even today we see an “active” market rising in indoor growing, and controlled climate production of food.

In rather hot climates, such energy can control the climate, and of course provide the needed water (from sources like the ocean). So as part of this indoor growing revolution, I include the ability of LENR to provide clean drinking water from the ocean.

And in cold climates, again LENR can provide the energy to grow food year round. In my local market, local grown cucumbers of excellent quality grown in greenhouses year round are about $1.60. This occurs without pesticides and even use of soil. (And sure, they are about 45 cents more than other products, but they are local grown, and their quality is beyond outstanding.

Each cucumber is in perfect condition – they are grown in perfect controlled conditions.

In the winter time due to increased heating costs, the same product almost doubles in price. So this area of the economy will boom with low cost energy inputs.

So with low cost energy, the ability to grow food just about ANYWHERE on the planet will the result of such an energy revolution. And such food grown this way is achieved without soil, and without pesticides and without soil stress (you really don’t need soil). Who needs to plow a field to grow such food when you have greenhouses? And automation is FAR more possible with a control environment then that of traditional farming.

The other revolution of course would be transportation. Transportation and movement of goods is mostly driven by chemical (fossil) fuels. LENR can transform this area.

And speaking of automation?

While I feel the above two areas benefit the most from LENR, the largest impact in our lives will be that of Robots.

I don’t mean the factory robots, but autonomous ones – ones that can run around and deliver things, and help handicapped people at home.

The “major” limitation for such robots is of course the power source. Unless some amazing battery technology breakthrough occurs, then such robots will require a power source.

Imagine a “swarm” of small drone travelling into a forest. With intelligent software and vision ability (like a typical smartphone), such small drones could spend their whole day and night hunting for pine beetles, and zap them with a low power laser. Thus you can eliminate pests without pesticides.

Once again, battery technology not up to the task, but a LENR power pack is.

Even better is robots to help humans.

Here is an excellent video that explains outlines where robots are going. We are VERY close to such robots resulting in a practical and significant contribution to society – but such a revolution cannot occur unless we find a new power source like LENR.

Boston Dynamics: The Coming Robot Revolution – Marc Raibert

The above is a great video – since it gives hints of how far robotics has progressed in the last few years, and what is in store for us. However without LENR, I can’t see how such machines will be powered.


Albert D. Kallal

Edmonton, Alberta Canada

Categories: News

Energy 2.0 Society to Hold Webcast with Andrea Rossi as Guest, December 9, 2017

E-Cat World / LENR / Cold Fusion - Tue, 28/11/2017 - 21:05

The following announcement comes from the Energy 2.0 Society’s website.

The Energy 2.0 Society will be holding a webcast on Saturday, December 9th with Andrea Rossi as guest.


This will be an opportunity for us to discuss with Dr. Rossi the recent presentation of the E-Cat QX in Stockholm and other aspects of his work.


The webcast will be broadcast live on YouTube starting at 11:00 a.m. US Central time. The link to access the webcast will be posted shortly before the meeting begins on this page:


People who would like to suggest topics and questions for the Energy 2.0 Society to cover in the webcast may do so via email to:
Categories: News


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