Key document: A Bibliographic History of the Health Freedom Movement by Martin J Walker

"A recent survey by the Journal of the American Medical Association showed a dramatic surge in the popularity of alternative medical approaches during the 1990's. Forty two percent of the American adult population , or eighty three million adults , used one or more of sixteen alternative therapies during 1997, a thirty percent increase over 1990. Similar figures are available for Britain. What is also deeply significant here, as the journal itself points out, is the fact that many alternative health therapies are directly related to spiritual and holistic perspectives which are outside the usual scientific world-view.
There has been a huge shift ..."

Quoted from the Holistic Revolution, The Essential New Age Reader, William Bloom, 2000.


Lavender Oil

A multi-center, double-blind, randomised study of the Lavender oil preparation Silexan in comparison to Lorazepam for generalized anxiety disorder. (external link)

Fish Oil

Fish oil 'reduces youth psychosis' (external link)

Original Paper / Study (external link).

Clinical trial identifier: NCT00396643 (external link)

There are also many other studies and papers that have been completed on the use of Fish Oil in the PubMed database (external link).

Double Bind

The term double bind was first used by the anthropologist Gregory Bateson and his colleagues (including Don D. Jackson, Jay Haley and John H. Weakland) in their discussions on complexity of communication in relation to schizophrenia. Bateson made clear that such complexities also exist in normal circumstances, especially in "play, humor, poetry, ritual and fiction" (see Logical Types*** see top of discussion page ). Their findings indicated that the tangles in communication often diagnosed as schizophrenia are not necessarily result of an organic brain dysfunction. Instead, they found that destructive double binds were a frequent pattern of communication among families of patients, and they proposed that growing up amidst perpetual double binds could lead to learned patterns of confusion in thinking and communication.



Disability & Psychosocial Disability

The World Health Organization defines Disability as follows: "Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives."[1]

The medical model

The medical model is presented as viewing disability as a problem of the person, directly caused by disease, trauma, or other health condition which therefore requires sustained medical care provided in the form of individual treatment by professionals. In the medical model, management of the disability is aimed at a "cure," or the individual’s adjustment and behavioural change that would lead to an "almost-cure" or effective cure. In the medical model, medical care is viewed as the main issue, and at the political level, the principal response is that of modifying or reforming healthcare policy.

The social model

The social model of disability sees the issue of "disability" as a socially created problem and a matter of the full integration of individuals into society (see Inclusion (disability rights)). In this model, disability is not an attribute of an individual, but rather a complex collection of conditions, many of which are created by the social environment. Hence, the management of the problem requires social action and is the collective responsibility of society at large to make the environmental modifications necessary for the full participation of people with disabilities in all areas of social life. The issue is both cultural and ideological, requiring individual, community, and large-scale social change. From this perspective, equal access for someone with an impairment/disability is a human rights issue of major concern.

(Some text taken from the Wikipedia Article)

Therefore a person with a "mental health" problem can gain access to a large body of help depending on how they define themselves. The phrases "mental health" and "mental illness" are actually erroneous and extremely misleading and confusing as sufferers may have physical problems that become masked by the misuse of these terms. For example the phrase "mental health" is used to describe what is usually assumed to be by mainstream Psychiatry, a chemical imbalance or brain dysfunction. That would actually be a physical and genuine disease like Epilepsy or Parkinsons, yet the term "mental" is used which is a complete misuse of language. "Mental" is defined thusly ...

Mental - Adjective

1. of or relating to the mind or an intellectual process
2. (anatomy) of or relating to the chin or median part of the lower jaw, genial
3. (biology) of or relating to the chin-like or lip-like structure
4. (colloquial, comparable) of or pertaining to a crazy person, crazy


Therefore, this is a completely erroneous use of language that leads to the misrepresentation of those deemed to have purely "mental" problems when they actually may have physical problems that needs addressing.

Paranormal and Para-psychological Phenomena

In his book The Conscious Universe, Dean Radin shows that the Scientific evidence for Telepathy being a real phenomenon is far more conclusive than most people are aware of. He covers the branch of Parapsychology that helps people come to terms with these genuine phenomena. Many people are understandably cautious of exposing their experiences publicly for fear of ridicule or condemnation. However, defining a condition of "hearing voices" or other "bizarre" psychology phenomena as genuine telepathy or clairvoyance is now backed by solid Scientific evidence. This would depend on how the individual defines their experience in terms of a Psychiatric disorder, or a disability or as some form of genuine Para-psychological phenomena.

There are quite strong taboos and arguments from many people against this approach. These prejudices are often based on personal beliefs that the individual finds are threatened by a person stating their choice of defining their experience of genuine Para-Psychological phenomena. There is much room for genuine scepticism as some events can be imagined, hallucinated or some may require Psychotherapy (if they choose to) for conditions that result in an exaggerated belief in such phenomena - for example, a person might believe that their every thought is controlled by the CIA. But much criticism of Telepathy being "pseudo-science" is based on flawed pseudo-sceptical thinking. For example, see the article ...

Debunking Common Skeptical Arguments Against Paranormal and Psychic Phenomena

Defining the experience of "hearing voices" (or other phenomena) in terms of genuine Para-Psychological phenomena is therefore a genuine alternative definition of problems that may be detrimental to persons welfare when they are going through an emotional or psychological crisis. If the individual defines themselves in these terms that needs to be respected as, especially in this case, there is Scientific proof to back up these phenomena. Note that even if there was not evidence then the individuals belief must still be respected - this is covered by the Human Rights Acts.

A couple of years ago there was a broadcast on BBC Radio 4 that interviewed a Psychologist who had identified the "voices" heard be some people as being identical to those heard by Psychics. I am trying to track down the source of this report.

The Right to Recovery & The Recovery Model

"...the idea that people possess the inner resources for growth and healing and that the point of therapy is to help remove obstacles to individuals' achieving them."


Brian L. Weiss, M.D.

As a traditional psychotherapist, Dr. Brian Weiss was astonished and skeptical when one of his patients began recalling past-life traumas that seemed to hold the key to her recurring nightmares and anxiety attacks. His skepticism was eroded, however, when she began to channel messages from "the space between lives," which contained remarkable revelations about Dr. Weiss's family and his dead son. Using past-life therapy, he was able to cure the patient and embark on a new, more meaningful phase of his own career.

Dr. Irving Kirsch

Antidepressants: medical boon or bust?

The Biomedical Ethics Unit of the Faculty of Medicine is
proud to present Dr. Irving Kirsch who will deliver a lecture titled “The

Emperor’s New Drugs: Exploding the Antidepressant Myth,” on Oct. 14.

When asked about the subject matter of his lecture, Dr. Kirsch, a Psychology
professor at the University of Hull, in England, said this. “Antidepressants
work – everyone knows they do. That’s what I thought too, until my colleagues
and I analyzed the clinical trial data. When I obtained the unpublished as well
as published data from the Food and Drug Administration, I found that what
everyone knew about antidepressants was wrong. Instead of treating depression
with drugs, we’ve been treating it with suggestion. A thorough review of the
research demonstrates that the chemical imbalance theory of depression is wrong.
The effect of antidepressant drugs is independent of their chemical composition.
Depression can be treated more effectively and more safely without drugs.”

Prof. Irving Kirch's Staff/Dept. Page, University of Hull

Scholarly Lite is a free theme, contributed to the Drupal Community by More than Themes.